Friday, October 2, 2020

JONG NO OFFICE BUILDING, South Korea by budipradono architects

 JONG NO OFFICE BUILDING

URBAN DESIGN CONCEPT 

Urban design as essentially an ethical endeavour inspired by the vision of architecture and public art. Every City or urban region whatever its in hereinto natural characteristics  of site and terrain and man-made problems has a potential which tems from its own natural form, sense of place, sense of history, spirit and ethos. In this case Jong No office building is a challenge both for organising the program and building itself in response to the existing environment. 

Imageability in a city like Jong No may be said to be both  a perceptual concept and physical or visual entity it is the interpretation of various layers of a city's images-its form, profile and experiences over a period of time.Imageability refers to probability that an environment will evoke as strong image from observers, imageability on this area is probably the single most important factor in the identity of a place, so that way we tried to understand the cityscape, the materiality of surrounding building. So that’s way how to build a dialogue between old building and new architecture, to become a new public space. 

We proposed to bring the nature on top of the building as catalyst of the office around it and at the same time as a new related theme with seoullo sky garden To make it government building also as public space.

In Townscape brought for the relationship between building and external space in the urban context. We stressedon the subjective values in relationship of elements vis a vis the observer superimposing our concept of urban design strategy with  acknowledging ground realities of socio-cultural patterns and imaginary form of several facades and building surrounded the site. Copper looks glass as the answer to the surrounding environment, this also inclusively with cladding that made the traditional pattern looks new again, and as the responsive aspect from surrounding towers. We made a special bridge structure to show the mixture and the spirit of contemporary city. 


URBAN DEVELOPMENT - LINKAGE

LINKAGE as the urban development strategy. The building mass is tilted and angled based on certain direction to link the surroundings with the government office site.

The office site is surrounded by several tall and middle height buildings. There are tall buildings next to our site on the south side, and middle height buildings on the north, east, and west side. We want to respond the urban scale by playing with the skyline and framing the view.

We manage to raise the south facing building mass to match with the skyline. Stepping mass also applied by lowering the mass portion on the centre side (the preserved building). It is also done in order to capture the Changdeokgung Palace and the city view from above. 

A diagonally tilted building mass is designed facing the Yi Sun Shin Admiral Statue on the south west side, and Changyeonggung Palace on the north east side. The building mass is also tilted based on the surrounding buildings position, so it would not block the view. 

Pedestrian entrance also located on the north and east side as the most pedestrian come from. Fire trucks entrance is located in the hook area (south west side), connected directly to the main road, to easier the operation. Private vehicle entrance is located on the east side, connected to the secondary road, so that it would not interfere the fire truck operations.


ARCHITECTURE DESIGN CONCEPT 

RESPECT TO THE PALACE

Gyeongbokgung Palace as the main royal palace of Joseon dynasty served as historical and one of the most important building that we should respect. It is located on the north west side of our site.

Architecturally, we respect it by cutting the building mass’ edge, so it is directly facing to the palace. Therefore, people inside the office building can directly enjoying Gyeongbokgung Palace beautiful view. People from outside (especially from Gwanghwamun Square) can also notice the office building.

RESPECT THE PRESERVED BUILDING

In order to respect the preserved building, we do not renovate/change much of the original structure and design. To make the new office buildings harmonize with the preserved building, we use the same façade language and adjust the new building mass position. The stepping mass is added above the preserved building to make it integrated with the new buildings. Technically, the new buildings’ structure is independent and does not interfere the preserved building.

FAÇADE DESIGN

The façade is designed in a square shape, similar to the preserved and surroundings building façade. It create such a harmonize and non-alien façade language. 

Vertical lines on the stepping mass is added to make the buildings looks higher and synchronizing the tall buildings on the south side. Horizontal lines on the firefighter building mass is also added to make the building looks bigger and make the building above feels like floating.

CITY HEART

\Firefighter area as one of the community main function also served as the city’s heart. The city would not be able to operate well & safely without firefighter. We translate it architecturally by placing the fire fighter on the centre of the site, with red colour façade and its connected to the main road.

COMMUNITY DIALOGUE

Government centre is created to serve the community. In order to translate that, we created holes on the building mass on the ground level as the entrance gate, so that community can access directly to the government centre through the holes. Some public functions are placed on the ground level so it is more publicly accessible. This government centre also serve as public’s dialogue space, it is also reflects the government’s openness to the society. 

COUTRYARD

The courtyard purposes as the connector the community with their activity. So, in order to respond the urban in the area and also the community needs in the area, we set the courtyard not just in the below on the building, but also in the top of the building. 


PROGRAMMING STRATEGY


We make the first floor as a public area, so the public can access the building. In the first floor, there is a cultural centre and health centre. As for the cultural centre, there is a hall that located in the basement. This is to prevent the noise that come from the hall, so the noise is not disturb the users of the office and the public centre. Also, in the first floor, there is a firefighter office.

In the middle floor, there is a building that extends to the front. That building is the council centre. It is the office for any council official activity, such as court.

Finally, the rest of the floor is the government official office. The more it goes up, it will become more private. Since we divide it according to the government sector that we think has the most important to not be disturbed / privately. 

CIRCULATION STRATEGY

We make the circulation on the building horizontally and vertically. This is because the site of the building is located near main street and there is a roundabout near the building. With this way, the user can easily to come in and come out the building. This, also to prevent the traffic in the building area.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taksim highline-scape, Turkey by budipradono architects a+u

Taksim highline-scape, Turkey by budipradono architects

 

Conceptual statement

 

Introduction

 

The primary question in the design of public space is whether to intervene, so Taksim square has a new value and landmark at the same time. In this millennial year, digital society has specific expectations. Since is it really easy to get an all information through the internet, so experience-based new public space has become the most important specificity. Introducing new public space, which is part of superimposition of movement, tradition and reinterpretation of history in that area. Then, by offering an experience while providing an opportunity to be at a different level, this place finally becomes a new attractor. The strategy used is to do a superimposition of old & historical value with contemporary programs or events. So, the square becomes full of contents but at the same time, appreciates with either context. Understanding in-between spaces by introducing organic softscape, and creating disrupted wooden mushrooms which integrates with pedestrian bridge between programs, events and space running side by side and flowing like a water parametric wooden system intertwining the pedestrian path. We want to maintain the Gezi Park structure but also introduce an additional softscape to make the experience more meaningful. This will provide energy for people's trajectories that will experience the floating space as a contemporary public space in the sky. This will merge between imaginary space and reality. This is an offer coming from an experience-based place that makes the specificity of the place very important. When you redefine the public space and innovate the contemporary architecture, it can be called Taksim highline-scape. 

 

Mapping the trajectories

Mapping the historical trajectories of horse drawn carriages has become our device when it transforms its multiplicity into several organic patterns on the square. This became our generator to produce organic patterns on the space. 

 

 

Organic & undulating softscape

By introducing undulating softscape, we provide experience-based public spaces, that have a different level of elevation, and at the same time have different views to see the city and understand the connection between the city and the sea. 

 

Urban green shawl 

On the urban design strategy, we wanted to connect all of the green areas on the city. It became a shawl of the square. This green shawl will connect existing greeneries into one, by introducing softscapes on the square.

 

Garden in the sky

Garden in the sky makes Taksim square offer a new destination that connects the public space and the sea. People can walk from the blue mosque and republic monument across the square to the Gezy park trough the fluid pedestrian bridge.

 

Disrupted mushroom pattern

Disrupted mushroom pattern is a sculptural imagination of contemporary mushroom that connects several areas while creating wooden structures that support the pedestrian bride. This gives new values to Taksim square.

 

Organic Shadow

We wanted to create an organic shadow from the organic landscape. During the summer time, this place can accommodate many people in Taksim square and they can stand under the shadow of the undulating landscape.

 

Amphitheater

We proposed to create several intimate amphitheaters and plazas to accommodate local culture performances but also as new sitting places for people to interact each other.

 

Historical layer

We want to provide Dialogue between historical artefacts and reactivate the place with contemporary programs. That’s way, we mark the existence of Taksim square since 1910.

 

Axis projections

We want to emphasize the axis by clarifying the existing axis consisting of three axes; the historical axis connecting the Republic monument with Gezy Park, then the public axis connecting Talimhane with Inonu street, and the cultural axis connecting the Blue Mosque to the Atartuk Cultural Palace. This axis is implemented like a rug made of pavement.

 

Flowing program, events and spaces

Between programs, events and spaces running side by side, water parametric wooden systems intertwine the pedestrian path. 

 

Superimposition of layers

We divided some concept ideas into several layers which, when superimposed, will produce an orchestra of various layers. All programs and architectural forms are formed because when all these ideas are put together, it becomes new uniqueness for the place. And Taksim square will produce their own story without losing the original meaning.

 

 

General concept

 

Lighting concept

Lighting is an important aspect of all this planning. Basically, all the lighting is of a very gentle kind. So that some spots such as wooden mushroom tower become highlights and the organic form of this landscape gets sufficient lighting and is very responsive to the pedestrian that passes through it.

 

Street Furniture concept

The street furniture concept is an integral part of the whole project so all of it should be designed based on the material and form concepts developed from organic landscape.

 

Water as attractor

Water is part of the attractor experience so we proposed to bring a fountain that is automatically moved to the plaza area near the main amphitheater. Lighting is also an integral part of this fountain.

 

Wood as medium

Wood acts as a medium to communicate between human and nature. Even the bridging pedestrian is made of concrete structure, but on the lower side, we want to use wood as softscape. Likewise, with the disrupted mushroom structure which is also made of laminated pine wood. With the current technology of parametric systems and laminated wooden structure, this landmark will provide Turkey with the opportunity for technological and architectural advances throughout the world. It will be aligned with several landmarks in the USA and Europe.

 

Existing Trees

We want to maintain all existing trees. Although some trees will be relocated and arranged according to new concepts. Since this is the strength of Taksim Square. we want to provide aspects of sustainability.

 

Plant on the pedestrian bridge 

We want to cover most of the organic landscapes with bush and grass. It will make the environment just like tropical garden in Mediterranean scape. And also, on most of pedestrian bridges, we are creating organic shape landscapefull of bush and grass. 

 

 

Topping off The “Forest” at Polman Astra Polytechnic by budipradono architects a+u

The “Forest” at Polman Astra Polytechnic

In late 2018, budipradono architects a+u (Studio bpa) won first prize in the competition to design Astra Polytechnic in Cikarang. The construction of the first stage (48,000 m2) started in January 2019, and is scheduled to be finished in February 2021. In September 2020, this campus project entered the topping off stage of the highest dormitory building.

 

Cikarang Goes Green

The Astra Polytechnic campus is located in the heart of the industrial area of Cikarang. Studio BPA was presented with the challenge of designing a campus that would fit in with the surrounding community, yet embrace nature and promote environmental sustainability. Their design rose to the occasion, and the “FOREST” concept was born. The concept seamlessly intertwines the towering buildings surrounding the campus (which symbolize the “trees” of the “forest”) with the environmental initiatives of the college to create a stunning example of a green space.

The campus has many innovative ways to incorporate nature with architecture, such as planting perennials on the rooftops of buildings. In an effort to reduce carbon emissions, the campus has numerous walkways and is fully accessible by bicycle. The buildings are designed as efficiently as possible, with energy usage that is optimized to have minimal environmental consequences.

The design of this “forest” is based on the concept of sustainable urbanism, which consists of six main aspects: (1) sustainable development, (2) compactness, (3) biophilia, (4) the sustainable corridor, (5) high-performance building and (6) high-performance infrastructure.

 

Sustainable Development

Similar to Central Park in New York City, the campus provides an escape from an otherwise urban setting. In addition to the natural elements of the buildings themselves, the campus is home to a nursery program which will plant trees throughout Cikarang. Sustainability is crucial to the success of the students of Astra Polytechnic, and the benefits of a healthy environment can have a positive impact on the area for years to come. If Cikarang has a healthy environment, more people will be drawn to the area to attend school at Astra Polytechnic. By developing programs to promote environmental sustainability, the campus positions itself as a leader in the community and is prepared for success now and in the future.

 

Compactness

The second aspect of sustainable urbanism is compactness. This involves developing buildings that use space wisely, so as to reduce the overall land usage per capita. Other buildings throughout Cikarang follow this principle, and the Astra Polytechnic campus is no different. When buildings are optimized to take up less space, yet are just as functional as a larger space, there can be significant cost savings as well as environmental benefits. The Astra Polytechnic campus is able to maximize its green space as a result of following the compactness principle.

 

Biophilia

The third aspect of sustainable urbanism is biophilia, which focuses on improving the relationship between humans and nature. The campus buildings are designed to have a special relationship with plants, allowing them to grow in areas they typically would not be able to, like rooftops. As areas become more industrialized and populated, it is crucial to find new ways to preserve the natural features of the environment. The Astra Polytechnic design fully embraces this concept by providing numerous opportunities for plants and trees to thrive throughout the campus.

 

Sustainable Corridor

The fourth aspect of sustainable urbanism is the sustainable corridor. The entire 5 ha area of the Astra Polytechnic campus is equipped with shelters to accommodate pedestrians that are walking or cycling across. This space is specifically designed to reduce dependency on cars by promoting alternative modes of transportation. By making the campus so easily accessible by bicycle or on foot, the designers help foster environmentally friendly habits for campus visitors.

 

High-Performance Building

The fifth aspect of sustainable urbanism is high-performance building. For example, efficient energy use, air quality improvements in plants, pollution reduction, and recycled materials are all elements of an efficient, productive design. The Astra Polytechnic campus is proof that architecture can be modern, effective, and sustainable. Through careful planning, the architects have chosen construction materials and design techniques that will last for years, without any unnecessary burden on the environment.

 

High-Performance Infrastructure

The sixth aspect of sustainable urbanism is high-performance infrastructure. This involves the creation of a greener and more comfortable streetscape by utilizing natural resources. By harnessing the power of the environment around us, systems can actually become more efficient, and less waste is created as a result. Examples of high-performance infrastructure at Astra Polytechnic include rainwater absorption and distribution technology.

 

Architectural Concepts

 

Dormitory Features

 

Public spaces

The dormitory is a 9-storey building with a lot to offer to the campus community. The building is equipped with VIP guest rooms, a hall, dining hall, study room, laundry facilities, and several student meeting areas. Located between the dormitory towers, the green public space becomes the central park that connects the two buildings. Providing communal sitting areas and several landscaping elements, the park is also ideal for outdoor exhibition activities and community events that can be enjoyed by all visitors.

 

Study rooms

Unlike the typical layout of a study room, which tends to be centered in one space, these dormitory study rooms are distributed over several floors and integrated with the dormitory unit. This strategy achieves a distributed and effective medium for discussion and learning activities. The study rooms are harmoniously arranged within the building configuration, and their presence is highlighted through a well-designed perforated metal façade.

 

Green balcony

To emphasize the “FOREST” concept, trees are strategically placed on the balcony so that visitors can feel the existence of nature around them. The green balcony also plays a role in improving the overall environmental quality of the area, and maintaining the temperature stability of the building.

 

Versatile materials

Dormitory units are arranged on a modular basis using drywall material that is both easy to install and durable, which increases the speed of the building construction. In addition, drywall can be combined with additional features, such as water and fire resistant layers for enhanced safety measures in the event of a fire evacuation.

 

Hall as connector

The hall is located on the ground floor, connecting the two dormitory towers. It serves not only as a connector between two buildings, but also as a meeting place for teachers, Astra Polytechnic staff and directors, students, parents, and visitors from other institutions.

 

Natural lighting

In response to the tropical climate of the area, where sunlight is abundant, the dormitory building is equipped with strategically placed skylights. The use of skylights not only enriches the overall aesthetic and atmosphere of the building, but it also reduces energy usage.

 

Natural air circulation

Natural air circulation in the dormitory is optimized by the open-plan corridor on each floor. Equipped with vegetation, the resulting air circulation can be freed from pollutants. Natural preservation is also manifested in the dining hall area with a ventilation grille on the roof so that cold air from above can enter and reduce the heat of the room.

 

Auditorium Features 

 

Auditorium

The auditorium building is the centerpiece of the Astra Polytechnic campus. Located near the main entrance, the building provides a monumental and impressive introduction to the campus. Like other buildings on campus, the auditorium is home to many plant species, which is a stark contrast to the arid industrial environment surrounding Cikarang. The building was designed to maintain as many existing trees around the site as possible.

 

Water

Water is the source of life for all living things, including plants. In other words, water is the center. The reflecting pond in front of the auditorium building is a symbol of clarity of thinking, and represents the source of life for the education center of Cikarang. Users of the auditorium must cross the reflecting pond to enter the building. The reflecting pond offers a spatial experience for users and serves as a buffer, distancing the auditorium from the motorway to reduce noise.

 

Ellipse form

The ellipse form is the unifying language of the building design. As the center of Astra Polytechnic, the auditorium has an ellipse shape.

 

Flexible space

The auditorium can be used for events conducted by Astra Polytechnic itself, or it can be rented as a wedding hall. The auditorium provides a spacious hall on the ground floor and balcony seats above.

 

Office Space Features

 

Office facilities

The office building is designed to accommodate a wide range of facilities, including a mosque, offices, retail, a central library, and student organizations. The office building and facilities maintain a green architecture building approach, application of zoning configuration according to its function, and interpretation of the technological progress in the building.

 

Green architecture

Application of the green architecture strategy includes a garden roof and a façade that allows wind to circulate into the building. This building also includes a garden balcony that serves as a communal area for campus administrative employees.

 

Main Green Campus

 

Organic, yet organized

The structured system of the campus has a form that stimulates the feeling of connection to living matter. The four faculties - manufacture, automotive, civil and information systems - are educational facilities of a very "technical" discipline. These faculties are very closely related to efficiency in daily operations. It requires the existence of a system that regulates the relationship between spaces, where each space is very specific to its function for a particular micro task in a macro structure or organization.

However, according to Charles Duhigg in his book "The Power of Habit", it is said that humans can’t advance themselves if they continue to follow the same routine. In each stage of a program, checkpoints are needed to stimulate users. Therefore, instead of putting together a highly traced, monotonous, and boring faculty program, why not provide a faculty building that is structured efficiently by function as well as wrapped in an unusual arrangement by borrowing natural elements that are beautiful and stimulating. The building mass is strung over modular cubes and sun-shading fins which are arranged to resemble a mountain – a very prominent element of nature, symbolizing a noble educational medium.

 

Program

This campus area needs to be organized or consolidated so that its composition becomes compact and efficient. The preparation of the program is classified into three major parts: manufacture, automotive and civil. The arrangement has several parameters:

1)       Start with the open parameters and get more enclosed as we reach the top of the building.

2)       Use a lightweight program, with programs that use heavy equipment on the bottom.

While the laboratory area is on the second level and the classrooms are at the top, the automotive department is placed on the south side of the building, intended to make it easier for students to practice in the workshop.

Meanwhile, the information systems faculty is combined with two other new study programs into three groups. The three buildings for these groups are united by a continuous path and surrounded with trees to provide shade. Each room, including a workshop area, has a different view of the park as well as the trees on the perimeter of the site.

With the creation of this natural nuance, the souls of the lecturers and students are expected to be purified after their activities in this "engineered" building.

 

The experience of different and innovative spaces becomes an additional value that supports the continuity of teaching and learning activities of Astra Polytechnic's academic community. In contrast to the traditional design of industrial buildings, this campus embraces the challenge of re-greening Cikarang. As a result, the Astra Polytechnic campus provides tremendous value not only to its students, but to the entire community as a whole. The campus design is a model example of how innovation and creativity can come together to create dramatic environmental change.